return     map2

Technology extends our reach globally
 Thanks to technology,
 - thePeoplecanmonitorthe details of Gov't spending for
   a 100% transparentdemocracy
 - we canredistribute the wealthsaving the global economy
   from collapse

to the rescue!

phone, the i-pad, CLOUD COMPUTING ...) that's

AN INTERNET YEARis just 3 months!

SPEED - today - is everything.

The velocity of technology
allows us to do
- (so much) more
- (so much) faster

We'll have
- a 4-day work week
- a 6-hour work day

We'll haveMORE TIME
- to RELAX

With today's technology+INTERNET-connected PCs
we can have
100% transparentdemocracy
wealth redistribtionthat ensureseveryone in the world
  gets his/her

The driving force of technology isBRAIN POWER.

BRAIN POWERwill createglobal PROSPERITY.


High-Tech Expert

 Kenneth Selin(say'leen),
 ╔(eh)PC President/Party Leader,
 was ahigh-tech troubleshooterof
 - the Internet for Sympatico
 - the Compaq presario PC
 - cabel modems for Time Warner

 Top high-tech magazines in Canada+the USA published
 his letters to the editor.

The Myth of AI (Aritificial Intelligence)
Computer programs have *built-in* AI.

But COMPUTERS NEVER WILL HAVE ITbecause computers can only execute instructions.

To come back here, click the left-hand arrow at the top of your browser

tip: to avoid the spread of a virus, delete your browser cache history
tip: before shutting your computing device

According to a recent MIT study, liesare70%more likely to beretweeted than facts on Twitter.


Many companies are sending "privacy policy update" to their Internet users
in order to comply with Europe's new General Data Protection Regulation
(GDPR). It takes effect May 25th 2018.

The GDPR gives users control over how they want *their* data to be used.

The penalty of non-compliance is
4%of the company's worldwide revenue.

Cross-site tracking: refers to companies collecting
                               browsing data across multiple

Lightning FAST!
A6-minutedownload on a 4G device takes30 seconds
ona 5G Chinese Internet network.

5G Wireless Technology

5G: What to know, why
you should be excited,
and how it will impact you

What Is 5G? Understanding The Next-Gen Wireless System
Set To Enable Our Connected Future

What Is Quantum Computing?

PC/Laptop Maintenance

Cleaning Tips

Unplug the PC/laptop beforehand.


- a microfibre clothto clean the screen

- a microfibre clothto wipe the touch pad+keyboard

- a compressed air dusterto blow air into the keyboard+ports

Cabling Tip

Usezip tiesto tidy up the cabling


Space-Saving Tip


- outdated e-mails+files

- the files in thedownload folder



To prevent overheating, ensure there’sgood airflow


Filing Tip

Separate files intoappropriately-named foldersfor easy access

Unit Converter

Password Checker

14 digital password security tips

Handy Web sites

Hurricane Tracking

BEST gas prices


Google Finance

FREEstock portfolio tracking service
Click on "Your Stocks" at the top.

Want to Build Your Savings?
Follow Our Ultimate Step-by-Step Guide

94%of Web surfers judge a Web byITS DESIGN

Online News Aggregators
Google News


AOL News

Lycos News

A person's daily high-tech screen time: 10 hours

High-Tech News

70%of tech startups fail within 20 months

ghacks Technology News

Techdows: Latest Technology News

IT Pro Today

Personal Technology

Laptop Mag

Computer Hope

Digital Trends



BEST PC magazine




WIRED – Technology

PC Mag



Tech Crunch (Startup+Tech News)

The Top 20 Reasons Startups Fail






Tech Gadget Guide


BBC Tech Tent

Tech meme

Tech NewsToday

Tech NewsWeekly – every Thursday

High-tech News

Thischartshowsevery major technological innovation
in the last 150 years+how they have changed the
way we work
http://www.businessinsider.comhow-technology-has-changed-the-world French Spanish German Italian

Tech Dictionary

What Is Edge Computing?

The Route of a Text Message

PROTECT YOURSELF by practicing safe-browsing habits

The Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet-connectedtelemeters(estimated at 10 billion+growing exponentially) like vehicles, home appliances, cameras, etc. for making future product improvements are referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT).


Asa security precaution*disconnect* 
your Internet devices when NOT in 

Internet Protocol Version 6 128 bit address (IPv6 address) is more capable than more limited IPv4 Internet 32 bit address scheme and provides more control in the delivery of the information "packets"
sent from a *source* IP address to a *destination*
IP address through packet-switched networks that increases the Internet quality of service (QoS) due
to more efficient, controlled routing.

(Access your computer online)
(14 day FREE trial)

Secure socket layer (SSL) encrption hides your password sent over the Internet.

What is SSL?

Secure Socket Layer Encryption (SSL Encryption)

It's a CiscoFREE*security* tool that provides an exta layer
of filtering that bypassed the ISP's domain-name system
management in addition to phishing protection, content
filtering+DNS lookup.

How to Use OpenDNS on Your Router, PC, Tablet, or Smartphone

How to setup Open DNS Server with your home network/router

How To Setup A Free Cisco OpenDNS Account For Web Security

How To Increase Your Internet Speed with Open DNS

How to secure home network using OpenDNS

Setting up OpenDNS FamilyShield

Router Firewall
Tip: you need a *smart* firewall.

Find and Use the Windows 10 Firewall

Do I Need a Firewall if I Have a Router?

What is a firewall?

How to set up a Router Firewall

What is a Firewall and what do they do?

Firewall vs Router

Understanding home networks Part 2 Firewall and Router

Network Switch vs Network Router vs Network Firewall

Do You Really Need A Firewall If You Have A Router?

Can a Router be a Firewall?

A peer-to-peer (P2P) computing network(without a server) shares data via Universal Serial Bus.

What'sa Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Network?

USB: Everything You Need to Know

Fire TV Stick (US $40)
Amazon's TOP selling  product: it upgrades a TV to a SMART TV.
Note: it requires a strong broadband connection
         (cable, DSL, fiber) using the Internt;
         using a TV, the TV has to have an HDMI
         port + it mus have a strong WIFI signal.

Its competitors are
- AppleTV
- Google Chromecast
- Roku Streaming Stick



Amazon Fire TV Stick: An Honest Review (2018)

It's a wireless connection that sends media (photos, videos,
music ...) from a mobile device or PC browser to a TV or
projector that has built-in Miracast support.

What Is Miracast? Everything You Need to Know

How to set up & use Miracast on Windows 10

IP tool
(checks your network connection+browser configuration)

Packet Sniffers
Data are sent over the TCP/IP Internet network in data packet envelopes.

A packet sniffer (like Wireshark) is an application that monitors the traffic
flow of data packets fromsource IPaddresses todestination IPaddresses
1. your Internet connection
2. your LAN (local area network)
   (if you have a computer network)
   (Yourrouter management menu
    will provide you with the IP
    addresses that make up your

To find out who owns an outside IP address (one that is NOT yours),
Googlewhois IP address.

Notice the client-server connection always begins with a "hello"
(handshake) string.

For Windows 10 "ipconfig (Run command)"
gives you the IP address
of your PC or laptop(+your router if you have a LAN).

- typeipconfigin theTaskbar search bar
- click onipconfig

How To secure your Yourself from Wireshark on Public WiFi

Wireshark 2.6.0 install+tutorial

Wireshark Tutorial for Beginners - 1 - Installing

Wireshark 101: How to Wireshark

Wireshark Tutorial for Beginners - Installation

Wireshark Tutorial for Beginners

The Complete Wireshark Course: Go from Beginner to Advanced!

VLAN analysis With Wireshark

Intro to Wireshark: Basics + Packet Analysis!

Decoding Packets with Wireshark

How to read Wireshark Output

How to Capture Packets with Wireshark - Getting Started

Top 10 Wireshark Filters

How to clear cookies

How to Delete Cookies in Every Major Browser

How to Control and Delete Cookies on Your Browser

Internet Speed
bandwidth speed test

Internet speed tests speedtest

How to Increase Internet Speed

Want to Know How to Double Your Internet Speed for Free?
Change your DNS servers for faster internet access

How to speed up your internet: A step-by-step guide 

FREEInternet Speed Optimization

Fixing an Internet Connection


Privacy Online

How to enable private browsing mode on different browsers

Get Smart On the Web

Note: Microsoft Windows' "Network and Sharing Center"
          displays status for both wired+wireless networks.

To access your router’s interface online,
enter its IP address into the Web browser’s
address bar, press <enter>.

Connect to a Wireless Network Using Windows

How to boost your home Wi-Fi signal

WiFi Checking

How to GetFreeWiFi Anywhere

Top 10 Ways to GetFreeWi-Fi Anywhere You Go

How to Secure Your Wi-Fi Network

Why Does Your Internet Connection Randomly Stop Working?

Intermittent Wireless/Dropped WiFi Connection

How Can I Find Out If Someone’s Stealing My Wi-Fi?

How to Detect a Wireless Intruder

How To Fix a Laptop That Won't Connect to Wifi!!

Check the Network Connection Status of Wireless Devices

What Is a Router for Computer Networks?

What's a LAN (Local Area Network)?

What Is a Wide Area Network (WAN)?

WARNING: all online activity gets stored on servers

WARNING: every Internet surfing device has a *traceable* ID #

Ctrl + D
Add current site to favorites
Ctrl + I
See all your favorites in the Hub
Ctrl + T
Open a new tab
Ctrl + W
Close the current tab
Ctrl + Tab
Switch to the next tab

(It has a built-in VPN, plenty of privacy
  protection, anti-tracking options.)

How to use the free unlimited VPN included in Opera

Maxthon5 BEST

Epic Privacy Browser
Its built-in VPN protects
your browsing history
+you on a public WiFi.

Baidu Browser
Use mouse gestures to surf.

with a photo effects app
+a built-in video downloader
+online screaming video recorder


Google Chrome Web Browser

Malware-filled Chrome extensions

The Best Chrome Extensions for Productivity

6 Chrome extensions to make you more productive at work

Microsoft’s new Chrome extension will boost your browser security

Google Chrome dark mode: How to get Chrome’s newest feature on your Windows PC


(*newer*version of Chrome)

Feature-rich Chromium based alternative web browser for Windows

Microsoft Edge vs Google Chrome Security Test

Microsoft Edge Tips

Note: with Microsoft Edge you can turn
          a Web page into a OneNote page
          that can be annotated.

dragging a tab onto a blank part
          of the desktop creates a separate
          browser window.

placing the mouse-pointer over a
          tab generates a thumbnail pic of
          that Web page.

Browse in Private (Microsoft Edge)

(It has privacy protection+anti-tracking options.)
the alternative browser

Mozilla, a not-for-profit Internet organization, promotes an OPEN WEB

Rapid Fire: Rebecca Weiss on how data collection
can be useful to business and respectful of people’s privacy

Make your Firefox browser a privacy superpower with these extensions

12 ways Firefox can defend your data against internet threats

Firefox Add-ons (Extensions)

Firefox Send: a FREE file-transfer service
Just drag+drop.
Send up to 1GB files.
(Sign in to send up to 2.5GB files.)

NEW Fox Quantum Browser





Pale Moon

Sea Monkey


Brave – blocks ads+trackers: browse up to 8x fasterers

Brave Desktop Page Loading Speed Test

5 tips to get the most out of Brave

Search Engines high-tech

Anonymous Searches

The Dark Net/Deep Web

Beginner's Guide To The Deep Web+The Dark Web

Tor Browser

It's all gravy for the onion router asTor Browserbeefs up security

I2P Anonymous Network multilingual

According towww.Mozilla.orgbots make up52% of all web traffic.

"You want to improve your writing? READ!"
"You want to take care of your mind? READ!"
Kenneth Selinsay'leen
╔(eh)PC President/Party Leader

Portal for Readers

(Access e-books+audiobooks from 30,000 libraries.)
A LIBRARY CARD is required.

Are Audiobooks As Good For You As Reading?
Here’s What Experts Say

(Overdrive update)
A LIBRARY CARD is required.

Open Library



Free eBooks



E-books portal

for Microsoft Edge browser

Google Books

Google Play Books

E-book Search Engine

People who read books at least 30 minutes a day live on average
23 months longer acording to a recent Yale University study.


FREEE-book Reader Apps
Kobo Reading App

Microsoft 10 freda e-book reader

Amazon owns both Audible+Kindle
- at you buy books
- at you rent books

(Amazon) Kindle e-book reader for PC Note: you'll need to sign up for aFREEAmazon account

How reading rewires your brain
for more intelligence and empathy


How to Retain More of Every Book You Read

How I Tricked Myself Into Reading More Books

5 Ways Reading Improves Your Health

Why you should surround yourself
with more books than you’ll ever have time to read

Kindle Fire 7" HD Tablet $49.99

Lenovo Tab2 A8 $127.98

Kobo e-readers ($50-$250)
Made in Toronto: unlike other e-readers, you can read library books with it.

READINGimproves writing

Form A Daily Writing Habit—It Will Improve Your Life


    With any Google app opened, type in the address bar

    slide, doc, or sheet followed by .new to create a new


Online Courses from Google

Google Apps


Improve your Google searches
withOR, +, -, *for unknown characters,
for a numerical range

The Tiny, Essential Google Tricks for Way Better Search Results

How to use search parameters in Google to search smarter

Job Hunting with Google
Use words likework(or job)+the field(orprofession)
Example: photographer jobs

How to use social media to find your next job

Google Bookmarks

To find the URLs indexed by Google for a site, type into the search bar:
site: www address

FREEGoogle Play media library

Your Google History

HOW Google Tracks You

SWITCH OFF Google tracking

WHAT Google Knows About You

How to download a copy of everything Google knows about you

Google knows literally everything about you - deleting the data

SOFTWARE_REPORTER_TOOL.EXE C:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\UserData\SwReporter\VERSION\software_reporter_tool.exe

The Software Reporter Toolscans the computer's drive for 20 minutes
of the CPU: it then reports these scans to Google.

It's part ofthe Chrome Cleanup Tool:
it detects if Chrome settings have been changed without user consent.

It gives the user the option
1. to restore Chrome’s original setting
2. to remove unwanted software
1. - that make pop ups permanent
1. - that changes the Chrome home page
1. - that installs unwanted Chrome extensions+toolbars
1. - that redirects the user to an unfamiliar Web site.

To run the Chrome Cleanup Tool
    1. in the address bar insert: chrome://settings/cleanup
    2. decide whether you want to opt-out of sending report details to Google
    3. activate the find button to start the process.

Right-click onSoftware Reporter Toolfolder toremove permissions
in order to
make it inoperativeby
    1. right-clicking on the folderSwReporter
    2. selecting Properties from the menu
    3. switch to the Security tab
    4. select Advanced on the page that opens
    5. click on Disable inheritance
    6. select remove all inherited permissions from this object
    7. select apply+in the Windows Security prompt yes
    8. select ok
    9. select ok again.

How To Find What Google Knows About Me (+Delete It)

11 things you didn’t know Chrome could do

5 Special Things of Google Earth

20 Twitter tips: Become a social media pro

Google Docs
12 top add-ons for Google Docs

4 super useful templates in Google Docs

Tips and tricks for writing a novel in Google Docs

The Hottest Chat App for Teens Is … Google Docs

Google Sheets
The best templates for Google Sheets

4 Google Sheets hacks you might not know about

How to create an easy budget in Google spreadsheets

5 formulas for Google Sheets you didn’t know you needed

Google Drive
How to Password Protect Your Google Drive Files

Things you didn’t know you could do with Google Drive

Google Storage
How to clean up your Google storage

Google Photos
Save photos online

30 Tricks to Master Google Photos

1 G-mail account+many e-mail adresses
- adddotsto your name before
- add+and an extra word to the end of your user name
- *combine* both methods

Gmail’s best new features

How to add or remove inbox tabs in Gmail

4 Gmail hacks you probably don’t know about

FREEG-mail Apps for Windows

How to Use Gmail Listserv an e-mail discussion list program

LISTSERV Lite Free Edition
for non-commercial allows up to 10 mailing lists
of up to 500 e-mails per mailing list.
Note: it works on various operating systems
Note: like Windows, Mac, Linux, Solaris, ... .

How to Create a Listserv

How to Record and Send a Voice Message by Email

Is Inbox Zero a goal worth striving for?

Tip: send an e-mail to yourself+
       use the BCC to hide every-
       one else's e-mail.

Everything sent to the masked e-mail address
will be forwarded to your e-mail address.
Note: the forwarding address
feature can be turned
Note: responding to a masked
          e-mail will reveal your
          real e-mail address.

Foreign Accents

Alt Symbols+Numeric Codes

Opera E-mail Client

FREEFirefox e-mail client

FREEClaws multiplatform e-mail client

How to change your email address without losing contacts

FREEe-mail address scan for security breaches
(Sign up for Firefox Monitor.)

E-mail header legitimate?

FREETask Management Tools



Google Keep


How to use Google Keep to take notes while you work

FREECollaboration Tools

Note: at least one person needs to subscribe to Mirosoft Office.

Messaging Apps

Tips to master WhatsApp

Alternatives to WhatsApp


Snapchat - multimedia messaging app multilingual

Why you should be using Zoom for all your video chats

FREE*SECURE*Messaging Apps
TelegramTips to master WhatsApp

Use your WhatsApp with a landline

(FREEvoice+video calls) 

(Messages are NOT stored on the Internet.)

(Messages once read self-destruct.)

Emphasizing words
in messaging apps+commenting on YouTube
- to underline a word, add__before+after the word
- to highlight a word (in italics), add*before+after the word
- to highlight a word (in bold), add**before+after the word
- to strikeout a word (put a line through a word), add-before+
  after the word


Computer Keyboard Shortcuts


Keyboard shortcuts in Windows

16 Essential Windows Keyboard Shortcuts

10 Keyboard Combinations That Can Make Your Life Easier

WindowsKey Combos
WindowsKey+Llocks the desktop/laptop
WindowsKey+arrowsmoves the screen in that direction
WindowsKey+lopens the settings window
WindowsKey+Eopens the file explorer
WindowsKey+Mminimizes all windows
CTRL+TABto go from tab to tab
ALT+TABto go from open app to open app

Key Combos
ALT+F4closes the browser
CTRL+SHIFT+tbrings back the closed tab
CTRL+w or CTRL+F4closes the current tab
CTRL+ALT+Tabshows all open applications
CTRL+zundoes the action
CTRL+yredoes the action

Arrow Key Combos
CTRL+ALT+(left/right arrow)moves the cursor to the next word
CTRL+SHIFT+(left/right arrow)highlights the present word
                 (+the next word with repetition of the key combo)

CTRL+idocks your bookmarks to the side of browser
                 (Microsoft browser+Firefox)

The Middle Mouse Button
- middle-click on an open tab to close it
- click on a link to open it in a NEW browser tab

CTRL+0for the default setting
CRTL+(plus sign)zooms in (increases the font size on the Web page)
CRTL+(minus sign)to zooms out (decreases the font size on the Web page)

FULL Screen: press F11


Kto play orpause
to go back 10 seconds
to go forward10 seconds
FREEYouTube VideoDownloader Apps recent

YouTube VideoOnlineDownloader

InterestingYouTube Videos

Hal Roach - Irish Comedian

The Legendary Victor Borge

Julio Iglesias - When I Need You

Air Supply - Making love Out of nothing at all


Manuel Serrat - Cantares

Edith Piaf - C'est L'Amour (It's Love)

Maria Callas - Carmen

Maksim, pianist - Original of Flight of the Bumble Bee

Social Media


Note: you can now send voice messages on Instagram.

TikTok – alternative to Instagram English/Chinese/Korean

What is TikTok, the #1 free app that everybody is talking about?

Decoding The Social Media Algorithms In 2019

FREEmusic video downloads Spanish

Media Players

Multimedia Player


Music Manager+Player

Radio Online
European Radio Portal

Worldwide Radio


FREEOnline Courses
400 online courses with credits towards a degree

600 online courses offered by 190 universities

300 Ivy League university courses

400 free Ivy League university courses

600 online courses offered by 200 universities

LOOKLEX Encyclopaedia

Learning Encyclopaedia

TheFreeDictionary's Encyclopedia

Encyclopedias of Philosophy

General Interest


Cash App - a mobile payment service English/French

Interactive Learning

FREEOnline Movies

Linux is derived from the 1st 3 letters
of the 1st name of its Finnish creator,
Linus Torvalds + the 1st 2 letters of
the Unix OS (operating system).

The core of the Linux OS is the Linux
kernel that controls memory+the hardware.

Because it's modular, you can install only
what you need.

It has a very small "footprint" as it only
uses resources on a as-needed basis using
minimal energy+lengthening the battery life
of a laptop. Its efficient use of computer
resouces make it virus+malwarefree.

It is an open-source OS (operating system)
that can run using a virtual computer. You
can also install it on the OS you're using
using a dual boot system. (Backup you existing
OS if you're going to install a dual boot
system. Microsoft Windows allows you to
make a work image of your current system.)

Its system requirements allows it to run
on older PCs (personal computers)+laptops.

Programmers like because of its array of
programming tools.

It's the Android OS on mobile phones+
it'is also Google's Android OS.

For its 
GUI (graphic user interface) it uses
the X Window System.

Due to multiple versions of Linux, their is
a broad selection of desktop designs (GUIs):
- Debian
- Ubuntu
- Linux Mint
- Bodhi Linux (It has application docks+a virtual desktop.)
- Red Hat's Fedora 1
  Red Hat's Fedora 2

They can all be installed on a USB-stick drive+
used as a "live system" with writeable partitions
for saving settings+data: it loads into the com-
puter's memory without touching the hard drive.

They all offer multiple virtual desktops.

Like Windows, they have a command line.

They all can run theFREEmultilingualLibre Office
open-source productivity suite (which is the equiva-
lent of Microsoft Office) as well as other major
major applications like Firefox (an open-source
browser), Google's Chrome, YouTube+G-mail.

What is Linux?

Why You should learn linux

The Problem with Linux

Introduction to Linux

Top 5 Linux Distros for 2018

Why Linux? | Why Linux Mint?

A quick look at Linux Mint 19 - Linux distro review

Microsoft unveils its first Linux OS, Azure Sphere

How to Dual Boot Windows 10+Linux Mint

Is Linux Better Than Windows?

10 Reasons why Linux is Better Than MacOS or Windows

What is Linux? Linux Vs Windows? No Virus?

Introduction to Linux+Basic Linux Commands for Beginners

The Complete Linux Course

The Complete Red Hat Linux Course

Top 5 Mistakes New Linux Users Make

The Code: Story of Linux documentary

5 Must have Linux apps for 2018

The Linux File System
EzeeLinux Show 18.7 | The Linux Filesystem Demystified

Linux Root Folders Explained

Linux File System/Structure Explained!

Windows 10

The BSoD
With Windows 10, there's
no longer the BSoD (blue screen of death).

How to start Windows 10 in safe mode

Tip: you can set "Mail" up
       to access all your e-mail

Tip: to access the main components,
hold downthe Win key, click on
the X key

Microsoft 10 Tips

12 Microsoft 10 Tips

Windows 10 Tip: Organize your busy lives with a family notebook in OneNote

What is Windows 10 Ultimate Performance mode?

The next-gen feature that makes Windows Defender Antivirus even stronger

Apps on any drive
To install apps on any drive
- go to Start/Settings/System
click on
Storagein the left-hand column
- click onChange where new content is saved
  under "More storage settings" (at the bottom)

This sign in uses biometric authentication.

Click on
- Start/Settings/Update & Security
- Windows Security (in the left-hand column)

- click under Windows Security at the top
Open Windows Defender Security Center.

The heading isSecurity at a glance.

Account protection, click onSet up.
Note: this option is available only
         if your computer has the
         necessary hardware.

PIN Sign-in
Click on
- Start/Settings/Accounts
- Sign-in options(in the left-hand column)
- Addunder PIN
Note: a 6-digit PIN is recommended.

For your version of Windows 10
- go to Start/Settings/System

- click on
About(at the bottom - left-hand side)

Windows Blog

Microsoft Garage
An outlet for experimental projects.

Windows Central

Windows Secrets
Everything Microsoft forgot to mention.
Note: this is a paid-membership newsletter.

Control Notifications
Go to
- click onNotifications & actions
  (in the left-hand column)

Tablet Mode
For touch-screen capability
- left-click onthe Action Centre icon
  (on the far right-hand side of
the Taskbar)
- click onTablet modeto turn it on
- click onTablet modeto turn it off

For tablet settings, go to Start/Settings/System
- click
Tablet modemidway down the left-hand column

Folder Toolbar
For a folder toolbar
- right-click
the Taskbar
- bring the mouse-pointer to
  (at the very top) for more options
- click on
New toolbarat the bottom
- choose any Documents folder

Expand Start-menu Tiles
To expand the area alotted to files in the Start-menu
- go to Start/Settings/Personalization
- click on
- Start(2nd last item - left-hand column)
  underShow more tiles on Start
    (at the very top underStart)

    left-click onoff

Tip: toresize the Start-menu,
       drag the top edge+right-
       hand edge

Switch Languages
Click on
- Start/Settings/Time & language
- Region & language(on the left-
  hand column underLanguages)
- theAdd a languageplus sign square

UnderChoose a language to stall
make your selection from the list
of languages.

Note: the far right
the Taskbar language
toolbarallows for easy swit-
          ching among languages
          (Win key+space_bar)

One Drive
Save your files online *seamlessly* with 
OneDrive offersFREE5GB of storage space.

Cortana Search
Cortana is a voice-activated ap.

the search baron left-hand side ofthe Taskbar.

It responds to *both* voice+typed search requests.

It checks
- online
- the (C:) drive.

Multiple Desktops
For multiple desktops
- click onTask View
  (on the right-hand side ofthe Taskbar search bar)

Put any number of aps in any desktop.

Note: holding downthe Win key+
          clicking onthe Tab keyis
          the same as clicking on
Task View.

To switch between desktops
- click on
Task View
- hold down the
the Win key+
  click onthe Tab key

To move from window to window,
in any desktop, usethe arrow keys

To shut a desktop, click on
Task View
the Xin the top right-hand
  corner of the desktop window

FREEMicrosoft Remote Desktop multilingual
Note: it does not come with
          the Home Edition of
          Windows 10.

How to perform a clean install of Windows 10

First things to do with your new Windows 10 PC

Improve PC Performance in Windows 10

4 Tips to Make Your Windows 10 Computer Run Faster

How to make Windows 10 run faster in 9 easy steps

5 Tricks to Speed up Windows 10 Start Time

How To Make Windows 10 Faster, Decrease Boot Time &
Increase Performance

How to get Windows 10 working smoothly on a Mac

The best 9 Windows 10 productivity tips+tricks

Quick Tech Tips! #1 The Windows 10 Calculator

Get the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update

Family Features

PowerPoint for Windows training

Windows Hello?
(biometric sign in)

3 ways to secure Windows 10
(Windows Hellobiometric recognition)

Protecting Your PC

Outlook Keyboard Shortcuts

Freeing Up Drive Space

The Snipping Tool Captures Screenshots

Microsoft Hidden Files

Windows Autostart Utility

Windows 10 - How to Disable Startup Programs

Windows 10 - How to Disable Startup Programs

Disable these programs: they slow down Windows during startup

6 quick+easy tricks to speed up your computer

How to make your pc/laptop run faster (3 simple steps)

How to speed up your computer by deleting temporary files

5freeways to clean up Windows

Tip: have a computer problem?
       REBOOT. (Shut it down+

Recovery Options
- typeControl Panelinthe Taskbar search bar
- typerecoveryin the
search bar at the top right-hand corner

System Image Backup File
Note: this requires a DVD RW drive.
- insert the DVD
- typeControl Panelinthe Taskbar search bar

Click on

Safety and Security
  (in the top left-hand corner)
- the 6th itemBackup and Restore (Windows 7)
Create a system image
  (in the top left-hand corner)

Windows 10 Recovery Drive
- do a complete, fresh reinstall
- run an automated Startup Repair tool
- do a system restore point to restore an image backup
- refresh Windows (by either keeping or removing your data)

How to Create a Windows 10 USB Recovery Drive (Dec. 9th 2016)

Usea DVDor an 16GB (or more)USB driveto install your
self-booting Windows-recovery drive which Windows 10 will

Insert your
USB drive.

Type in the
Taskbar search barrecovery drive.

Click onCreate a recovery drive.

A message will pop upDo you want to allow this app to make
changes to your device?

(The app referred to in the message is "The Recovery Media
Creator" that will create a bootable DVD or USB stick that
will reinstall Windows 10.)




(It took me 2 hours to create my "bootable" Windows 10 USB.)

Fixing Windows 10
Part 1
click on
1. the Start iconat the far left-
   hand side of
the Taskbar
2. the gear-wheel settings icon
3. Update & Securityoption at
   the right-hand bottom side of
   the menu options
4. the left-hand column menu

Here, you have 2 options
1. it uses the installation files
   on your PC drive, Reset this PC:
   you can keep or get rid of your
   files+then reinstall Windows 10
2. it uses the installation files
   on yourDVDorUSBrecovery
   Advanced Startup:
   to restore Windows 10 from your
DVDorUSBor from a
   system image

   Option 2 gives 4 other options
   1. Continue
      (Exit+continue to Windows 10)
   2. Turn off your PC.
   3. Use a device
      (Use aUSB - recovery - drive,
       network connection, or Windows
   4. Troubleshoot
      (Reset your PC or see advanced options.)

Part 2
1. - typetoubleshootin theTaskbar search bar
    - click onTroubleshoot: System settingsat
      the top
2. insert the error message into the Google
    (Dogpile) search engine
3. you can run diagnostics packages from
    the Microsoft Spport Diagnostics Web
    A Windows Live ID is required.

Booting to Safe Mode
In safe mode Windows has only "essential" (device) drivers+start files.

It is used to troubleshoot problems with (device) drivers, applications
+devices that interfere with the loading of Windows.

If the problem does NOT appear in safe mode, then Windows is
obviously NOT the problem.

It just becomes a matter of eliminating the recently installed
driver, application, or device that is creating the problem.

8 Steps to Safe Mode
1. click on"Start icon"on
   the left-hand side of the
   task bar

2. click onthe Power iconin
   the bottom left-hand corner

3. holding downthe SHIFT KEY,
   click onRestart

4. choose the 4th option,

5. selectAdvanced options

6. select the very bottom option,
    See more recovery options.

7. click onStartup Settings

8. click on the 4th option,
    Enable Safe Mode

  To accessthe Device Manager in safe mode
  to find out which device is misbehaving
  - hold downthe Windows 10 KEY, clickthe X KEY
  - right-click the Start icon
  - click onDevice Manager
    (A small *yellow* flag will indicate which device is misbehaving.)

The Kaspersky's Rescue Disk 
It's a self-booting antivirus program on a USB (or DVD)
that does a penetrating (deep) scan of Windows

VPCs (Virtual PCs)
They're a handysandboxsecurity tool.

The 3 most popularFREEones are Oraclesopen source
virtual machine application, Virtual Box, Microsoft's Hyper-V

The operating system (OS) on which the VPC is installed is
the host operating system(the *primary* operating system)
+the VPCs created (each in its own
sandbox) arethe guest
operating systems.

Unlike a dual boot system, you can run several operating
systems+different versions of an operating system at the
same time (one per VPC) with a VPC app like Virtual Box.

Note: Microsoft'sFREEVPC application,
          the Hyper-V, does NOT allow mul-
          tiple versions of Windows to run
          at the same time.

To switch between Windows 10+the open VPCs, click on
Task Viewnext of theTaskbar search bar.

VPCs are ideal for testing software.

Virtual Box
The Virtual Box ( community provides troubleshooting help.

- The Virtual Box Extension Files
   add advanced support for USB
   drives, network booting, etc.

- The Guest Additions
   must be installed manually via
   the VPC options
menu in each
for seamless integration of
   the VPCs+Windows 10 providing
   seamless mouse integration, bi-
   directional clip board support,
   shared folders, etc.

Note: 32GB is the *suggested* VPC
virtual drive size for
         Virtual Box.

Device Manager
To access it in order to troubleshoot device problems
- hold downthe Windows 10 KEY, clickthe X KEY
- right-clickthe Start icon
- click on "Device Manager"
(A small yellow flat will indicate which device is misbehaving.)

Task Manager
It's used to close a program that has become "frozen"

3 ways to access the Task Manager
1. right-clickthe Taskbar
2. hold downthe Windows 10 KEY+pressthe X KEY
3. together hold down *together* theCTRL+ALT+DELETE KEYS)

Quick Access
For "Quick Access" to your "most recently used" folders+files,
- click on
the Windows iconat the far left onthe Taskbar
- click on the left-hand column "document" icon
Note: folders have the right-click
          Pin to Quick accessoption.

File History
"File History" will *automatically* save your files to an external drive.
(With this feature *enabled*, your can access previous ver-
  sions of your files by right-clicking on them+clicking on the
  Restore previous version option.)
- insert aUSB
- typeControl Panelin theTaskbar search bar
- click onSafety and Securityin the top left-hand corner
- click on the 5th itemFile History
- clickTurn onon the bottom right-hand corner
Note: on the right-hand side there
          is anExclude foldersoption+
          Restore personal filesoption.

Digital Debris in Windows 10
To get rid of it
- type
cleanin theTaskbar search bar
- click onDisk Cleanupap
Note: Windows 10 has built-in maintenance
          tools to keep it running "lean+clean".
          [Third-party cleaning tools (often ma-
king  exagerated claims about impro-
           ving boot times, getting rid of disk
           clutter+registry bloat) are unneces-

FREEOnline Storage
Save your work files online 25 GB  multilingual 10 GB
15 GB 10 GB

7 Security Tips

Making Your Online Accounts Safer

Why you need more than just Antivirus

McAfee best

BESTFREEAnti-virus Program

Does Windows 10 Need Antivirus?


Top 10 Antivirus Software 2018

FREEAntivirus Software 2017-2018

FREEMalware Removal App

Keep Your Antivirus UP-TO-DATE

Microsoft Safety Scanner

Microsoft Word Virus

HOW to Remove a Computer Virus (malware)

Get Started with CCleaner
Windows Autostart Utility

Online Protection

Tip: encrypt your hard drives+
       password-protect your

FREEVIRUS SCANS of your hard drive
- ESET's Online Scanner
  offers a 1-time scan+30-day trail offer

- Trend Micro Housecall
  (Must download the scanning program.)

- Microsoft's Safety Scanner
  (Must download the scanning program.)

AV - Comparatives
is equally financed by the companies whose AV (anti-virus)
software it tests.

Its test results are made public at NO CHARGE. (It even has
a malware removal test.)

Real World Protection Tests has a summary of AV - Comparatives
test results.

AV (anti-virus) companies keep "known" malware in their virus-
definition database.

Anunknownvirus is referred to asa zero-day threat.

You get a virus by
1. *NOT* having an effective AV program running in the background
   (Panda+AVG are TOP-RATED FREE anti-virus programs.)
2. clicking on anembeddede-mail link
3. opening an e-mail attachments
   (Zip attachmentsare the most dangerous.)
   (Reply to a suspicious e-mail asking
for confirmation that the person did
    send it.)
4. visiting a malicious Web site
    the likelihood of getting a virus.)

Tip: as a safety precaution,
       do a anti-virus scan of
       *all* e-mail attachments. 

Tip: upload attachments to
       an online anti-virus
       scanning service

online anti-virus scanning multilingual

1MB upload limit

Check the URL (Web address)
for malware

Check domain names+IP address
for malware

Check domain names+IP address+
email addresses for malware

Scan a Web for malware

IP address malware checker

Various online IP adress tools

Web site legitimate?

Windows Programs
Office Suites BEST

Zello walkie-talkie app

App to access your android phone from your computer

Essential programs for your new PC

FREEFile Manager Software


FREESHAREit English+Chinese
(Share files across devices)

FREESyncing Files between Devices

Learning Excel
FREEExcel Tutorials 
Office 2016 Tutorials

How to Learn Excel Online

10 essential Excel formulas: become an Excel pro

10 YouTube Channels that will Help You Learn Excel

Photo Editing

Image Editor

FREEOnline Social Media Photo Editor

FREEAdobe Photoshop+Illustrator Courses


If you want Photoshop for free, you’ll love this news from Google

Say goodbye to Photoshop: Meet the 5 best online photo editing alternatives

FREEOnline Add-text-to-pics Editor

FREEFunky Online Editing Tools

FREEPhoto+Image Editor

FREEPhoto Editor with Magic Enhance

FREEPhoto Editors to Enhance Photos

FREEDrawing App

Making Gifs

FREEanimation generator app

FREEanimation program (Windows)

FREEanimation generator - Google Chrome extension

FREEPC newsletter

Building a Computer

Everything You Need to Know About Computer Hardware

Real Temp
(Intel processors)

Core Temp

Open Hardware Monitor

FREEHardware Monitoring Chips Video+Apps
CPU, GPU fan speeds+temperatures tutorial

FREEData Recovery


FREEDriver Apps

PROTECT Your Motherboard

FREEPC Optimizing Apps

5 ways to make your computer run faster

How to make your pc/laptop run faster (3 simple steps)

13 Mistakes That Shorten Your Laptop’s Life

How to Make Your Windows Computer Run Faster

CPU Basics: Multiple CPUs, Cores, and Hyper-Threading Explained

PC Maintenance
5freeways to clean up your PC or laptop

How to speed up your computer by deleting temporary files

How often to clean TV and electronic screens – and the right way to do it!

Hard Drives: 3 Types
1. SSD(Solid State Drive) uses an array of integrated
   circuits (ICs) attached to components like a mother
Note: an IC ia a set of electronic circuits on one
            small flat piece (orchip) of semiconductor
            material like silicon.

    How to Buy the Right SSD

    The Hard Drive: The Important Differences Between HDD and SSD

2. HDD(Hard Disk Drive) uses a spinning disk/platter
   with a read/write head on a mechanical arm called
   an actuator
   Note: it's (at least) 3 times *slower* than an SSD.

3. Carbon Nanotube SSD
   A Billion-Year Hard Drive
   Fujitsu To Mass-Produce NRAM Carbon Nanotube Memory In 2018

   Fab plants are now making superfast carbon nanotube memory

SATA (Serial AT Attachment) connection

Tip: to make a hard drive inaccessible,
       encrypt it+discard the encryption key.

Use encryption to PROTECT your drives+folders.
Should you forget your password, the recovery key
(Make several copies.) can be used as a backup.
Note: rather than encrypting the
          used space of a drive, it's
          better to encrypt the entire

Best Hard Drive encryption software for Windows 10


The ultimatefreetool for zipping and unzipping file archives

7-Zip review

7-ZIP review and tutorial

Password-protecting folders
FREEPassword Managers for Windows 10/8/7

FREEpassword manager

How To Password Protect a Folder in Windows 10

How to Password Protect a Folder on Windows 10

Create Password Locked Folder In Windows 10 - Keep Files Safe!

The Best Ways to Hide or Password Protect a Folder in Windows

How do I password protect my files and folders in Windows?

4 Ways To Password Protect a Folder in Windows

How to add a password to folders (using file compression software)

Programming Forums

The Mistakes I Made As a Beginner Programmer excellent

Top 5 Programming Languages to Learn in 2018 to Get a Job Without a College Degree

Top 5 Programming Languages To Learn In 2019 (to get a software engineer job)

How to Learn to Code - Best Resources, How to Choose a Project, and more!

Biggest Self-Taught Programmer Mistakes [RANT]

Computer Networking
Computer Networking Complete Crash Course by Google - Beginner to Advance

Computer Networking Tutorial for Beginners, Cisco, Juniper, Basics Network Fundamentals

How a DNS Server (Domain Name System) works.

Web Development
Web Development Tutorial for Beginners (#1)
How to build webpages with HTML, CSS, Javascript

Web Development In 2019 - A Practical Guide

Web Development Tutorial - JavaScript, HTML, CSS - Rock Paper Scissors Game

Cascading Style Sheets

CSS Crash Course For Absolute Beginners

CSS Grid Layout Crash Course

Basic HTML+CSS Website for Beginners

The absolute basics of HTML, CSS and JavaScript

Learn HTML5 and CSS3 From Scratch - Full Course

HTML5 as Fast As Possible

HTML Crash Course For Absolute Beginners

Introduction To HTML5 - HTML Programming Tutorial

HTML Crash Course For Absolute Beginners

HTML5 Tutorial For Beginners - Getting Started 1/6

HTML Full Course - Build a Website Tutorial

Build An HTML5 Website With A Responsive Layout

Toronto Java Users Groups

Intro to Java Programming - Course for Absolute Beginners

Java Tutorial for Beginners - Made Easy

Java Tutorial for Beginners | Full Course

Java Programming - Introduction to Java |  Tutorial 1

Java 8
Learn Java 8 - Full Tutorial for Beginners

Toronto JavaScript

 How JavaScript works

Say What? Introduction to JavaScript

What is JavaScript?

Learn JavaScript in 12 Minutes

JavaScript Crash Course For Beginners

Learn JavaScript - Full Course For Beginners

JavaScript Tutorial for Beginners | Full Course

JavaScript Full Course | JavaScript Tutorial For Beginners

JavaScript Basics - The Complete JavaScript Course For Beginners

JavaScript in Half an Hour (Without jQuery!)

How To Create Your Very First JavaScript Program

Node.js Tutorial for Beginners: Learn Node in 1 Hour | Mosh

JavaScript: Understanding the Weird Parts - The First 3.5 Hours

C Programming Language
C Tutorial for Beginners

Complete C Tutorial

C# Programming Language
Create a C# Application from Start to Finish - Complete Course

C++ Programming Language
Should you Learn C++ in 2018?

C++ Programming

C++ Tutorial From Basic to Advance

Object-oriented Programming
Object-oriented Programming in 7 minutes | Mosh

PHP Programming Language
Should You Learn PHP for Web Development in 2018?

PHP Programming

PHP Programming Language - Full Course

Object Oriented PHP

PHP OOP Full Course 1/6

Python Programming Language
What is Python and Why You Must Learn It in [2019]

Introduction to Python

Python - 2019 Action plan to learn it - Step by step

Python Tutorials for Beginners

Python Tutorial for Beginners Part 1

Full Python  Course for Beginners


Python Crash Course

Full Python Programming Course [2019]

Python for Everybody - Full Course | Dr. Chuck

Python Django Crash Course

Python: Data Analysis Tutorial

Sets In python | Python Sets Tutorial | Python Tutorial for Beginners | Edureka

OOP (Object Oriented Programming) in Python

Swift Programming Language (for i-phones)
Full Swift Tutorial for Beginners

Swift Programming Tutorial for Beginners (Full Tutorial)

Software Forum for Developers

Introduction - Intro to Machine Learning

Why Do Computers Use 1s and 0s?
Binary and Transistors Explained.

FREEWeb Coding

FREECode Learning

Learn to Code: Web Development 101

Create a sample program with Code::Blocks

The basics of debugging in Code::Blocks

Troubleshooting common problems when using Code::Blocks

FREEhow-to-codeWeb sites


Bit Degree (limited time trial)

Khan Academy


SublimeText Editor

Sublime Text 3:
Setup, Package Control+Settings

(Application Programming Interface)
What is an API? In English, please.

A painless intro to working with APIs

Make your first API call in a few steps

Learn how to be a better programmer by automating the boring stuff

The Future of Work is Workflows

How to Win with Automation
(Hint: It’s Not Chasing Efficiency)

The Future of APIs

UpdatedJuly 31st 2019